The Dark Romantics Era!

The Dark Romatics looked into the dark side of the human psyche.

The Dark Romantics rebelled againist the Puritans. The Puritans came to America for religious freedom, however, there was no separation between religion rules and state law. They were the same.

The Dark Romantics took place in the eighteen hundreds. The origin comes from the pessimistic nature of the Romantic Literary Movement, however, the Dark Romantics started as a reaction to the Transcendentalists (Answers). Some authors such as Edgar Allan Poe, Nathanial Hawthorne, and Herman Melville were popular writers who in influences people greatly in this era.


The believers studied the psyche effects of sin , guilt, and madness in the mind.

In Here Follow Some Verses upon the Burning of Our House, July 10,1666 by Anne Bradstreet, she describes how in her house she held many dear possessions (Bradstreet). Her house caught on fire and Anne believed it was a punishment from God that she had so much wealthy things (Bradstreet). These is an example of how Dark Romantics saw signs and symbols in everyday events.

Transcendentalists believed only in the goodness of people, while the Dark Romantics balanced the equation out (House). The Dark Romantics saw not only the goodness, but the dark and evil side to the spiritual truth (Arpin). On the other hand Transcendentalists & Dark Romantics have a lot of similarities. Both see signs in human events (Arpin). True reality is spiritual (House).


Edgar Allan Poe was infamous for his short stories of "maddness, revenge, and tragic fate" (House).

Herman Melville's short stories reflected humanity and nature on a Dark Romantic view.

Nathaniel Hawthorne's novels and short stories mostly reflected on humanity.


One of Poe's many famous poems was The Raven.

Along with Poe, Hawthorne had many famous writing such as the Scarlet Letter.

In the meantime, America was having a lot of growing pains in the middle of the nineteenth century. Women started to notice the unfairness of men and women when people began to live in cities and work in factories (Fabian). This was the beginning of the Suffrage movement. Another movement during the Dark Romantics is the Lyceum movement. The Lyceum movement focused mainly on American education and how important it was (Arpin). Also slavery was an ongoing conflict throughout the 1800s. People during that time were pilgrims coming to America for freedom of religion and land. Some of these people that were coming for freedom of religion were called Puritans. Religion rules became laws to them. The Puritans did not separate religion and state laws.


The suffrage movement was the beginning of women's rights. Women were starting to notice the unfairness in their rights (Fabian).

Slavery was going on in America during the Dark Romantic literary movement.



House, Jamie. "The Dark Romantics." 11 Aug 2008. 14 Aug 2008

"dark romanticism." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 2008. 14 Aug. 2008.

Fabian, Sharon. "The First U.S. Women's Rights Movement (1800's) ." 14 Aug 2008 <>.

Arpin, Gary Q. American Romanicism. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2007.

Bradstreet, Anne. Here Follow Some Verses upon the Burning of Our House, July 10, 1666. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2007.